Tuesdays in person, 9/20-10/25 from 10:00-noon OR
Wednesdays hybrid, 9/21-10/26 from 10:00-noon (both in person and via Zoom)
Despite plenty of warning, Europe was caught by surprise when Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, 2022. No major war had been fought on European soil since the end of WW II. To the European Union, war was unthinkable. And so, when 200,000 Russian troops surrounded Ukraine on 3 sides, Europe largely dismissed it as Putin posturing for political concessions. Fortunately, US Intelligence was better informed, and we began arming the Ukrainians after the Russian seizure of Crimea in 2014. Once Russia failed to quickly topple the Zelensky government in February, both sides dug into a grueling war of artillery and attrition in the Donbas. By the end of June, Luhansk had fallen, and the Russians were threatening Donetsk. Fierce fighting also continued along the southern corridor between Kherson and Odesa. As the Russian offensive grinds forward, Western weapons have reached the battlefield and it’s anticipated that Ukraine will regain lost ground. This quarter, we’ll analyze the current state of the War and the prospects for peace.
Instructor: Carol McCavitt has been teaching for SPARK since 2009. Carol did her doctoral work at Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh and taught AP European History for 10+ years to high school students in Long Island, NY.